India GDP

The Economy of India is the tenth largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). The country's per capita GDP (PPP) is $3,339 (IMF, 129th) in 2010. Following strong economic reforms from the post-independence socialist economy, the country's economic growth progressed at a rapid pace, as free market principles were initiated in 1991 for international competition and foreign investment.



Social democratic policies governed India's economy from 1947 to 1991. The economy was characterised by extensive regulation, protectionism, public ownership, pervasive corruption and slow growth. Since 1991, continuing economic liberalisation has moved the country towards a market-based economy. A revival of economic reforms and better economic policy in first decade of the 21st century accelerated India's economic growth rate. In recent years, Indian cities have continued to liberalise business regulations. By 2008, India had established itself as the world's second-fastest growing major economy.


However, as a result of the financial crisis of 2007–2010, coupled with a poor monsoon, India's gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate significantly slowed to 6.7% in 2008–09, but subsequently recovered to 7.2% in 2009–10, while the fiscal deficit rose from 5.9% to a high 6.5% during the same period.[13] India’s current account deficit surged to 4.1% of GDP during Q2 FY11 against 3.2% the previous quarter. The unemployment rate for 2009–2010, according to the state Labour Bureau, was 9.4% nationwide, rising to 10.1% in rural areas, where two-thirds of the 1.2 billion population live.


India's large service industry accounts for 57.2% of the country's GDP while the industrial and agricultural sectors contribute 28.6% and 14.6% respectively. Agriculture is the predominant occupation in India, accounting for about 52% of employment. The service sector makes up a further 34%, and industrial sector around 14%. However, statistics from a 2009-10 government survey, which used a smaller sample size than earlier surveys, suggested that the share of agriculture in employment had dropped to 45.5%.


Major industries include telecommunications, textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, information technology-enabled services and pharmaceuticals. The labour force totals 500 million workers. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes, cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry and fish.[16] In 2009-2010, India's top five trading partners are United Arab Emirates, China, United States, Saudi Arabia and Germany.


Previously a closed economy, India's trade and business sector has grown fast. India currently accounts for 1.5% of world trade as of 2007 according to the World Trade Statistics of the WTO in 2006, which valued India's total merchandise trade (counting exports and imports) at $294 billion and India's services trade at $143 billion. Thus, India's global economic engagement in 2006 covering both merchandise and services trade was of the order of $437 billion, up by a record 72% from a level of $253 billion in 2004. India's total trade in goods and services has reached a share of 43% of GDP in 2005–06, up from 16% in 1990–91.



Gauging the health of the India economy - India GDP is the best tool! Going by figures, India GDP has already crossed the trillion-dollar mark, other peers in this sphere being US, Japan, Germany, China, UK, France, Italy, Spain, Canada, Brazil and Russia.


ore so by the foreign direct investments (FDIs) and foreign institutional investors (FIIs), the India GDP growth saw a phenomenal increase. Bulk of the Government undertakings were divested into lots of private business houses.


After the liberalization era of the India economy, the growth story of the India GDP was driven by the following sectors of Indian industry -

  • Information Technology
  • Information Technology Enabled Services
  • Telecommunications
  • Electronics and hardware
  • Automobiles
  • Pharmaceuticals and biotechnology
  • Consumer durables
  • Retail
  • Textiles
  • Infrastructure
  • Construction
  • Airlines
  • Hospitality
  • Power
  • Oil and natural gas
  • Fertilizers and chemical

Year wise comparison of India's GDP


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